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青田倡議獲得28個國家和國際組織認同

發布日期:2022-11-10      作者:     來源:

  2022年7月,全球重要農業文化遺產大會于浙江青田成功召開,國家主席習近平向大會致賀信。大會發布了青田倡議,旨在凝聚國際共識,共同加強農業文化遺產保護,助力落實聯合國2030年可持續發展議程,推動構建人類命運共同體。截至2022年10月,青田倡議共獲得28個國家和國際組織的認同。

  倡議文如下:

  全球重要農業文化遺產大會青田倡議

  2022年71819日,來自32個國家、國際組織、科研機構、私營部門社會團體200余名代表,以線上和線下形式齊聚中國青田,出席全球重要農業文化遺產GIAHS大會,圍繞“保護共同農業遺產,促進全面鄉村振興”主題進行深入交流。

  我們認識到,GIAHS是人類農業文明的精華,是全人類的瑰寶,具有提升糧食系統韌性與糧食安全保障能力、改善小農生計、保護生物多樣性、推動農業可持續發展、助力全面鄉村振興等多功能特殊價值。

  我們注意到,2002年,聯合國糧農組織(FAO)發起GIAHS倡議以來,共認定了67GIAHS,遍布世界各地,對GIAHS的動態保護與適應性管理進行了有益探索。城鎮化、工業化的快速發展給傳統農業文化遺產保護帶來嚴峻挑戰。當前就GIAHS的發掘、保護、利用和傳承形成共識迫切而重要。為此,我們倡議:

  1.堅持保護優先。GIAHS的開發應強調保護優先、適度利用,以實現當地生態、經濟、社會可持續發展。鼓勵大家攜起手來,共同守護好人類共同財富,勿使其失傳。

  2.擴大社會認知。加強多形式、多角度、多渠道的宣傳和展示,包括在國際上對遺產地進行宣傳,從而推動GIAHS保護理念和重要價值的傳播,進一步提升全社會對GIAHS的認知和保護意識。

  3.發掘多重價值。深入挖掘GIAHS歷史、經濟、文化、生態、社會方面的豐富內涵,加強其多功能價值和動態保護途徑的相關科學研究和技術推廣,充分發揮其在保障糧食安全、適應氣候變化、保護生物多樣性和生態系統等方面的作用,推動聯合國2030年可持續發展目標實現。

  4.推動互鑒合作。歡迎將GIAHS列入農業領域國際合作的重要議題,加強各國交流,鼓勵遺產地之間開展多樣化自主互動,如結對子活動,并支持構建機制化的交流平臺,促進經常性溝通。

  5.加強政策支持。鼓勵建立更加完善的國家管理體系,把GIAHS保護與利用納入國家政策,探索建立GIAHS保護與可持續利用的政策激勵與保障機制,包括針對當地社區的政策激勵與保障機制。

  6.關注小農生計。加大對遺產地農民的培訓和指導,為就業增收創造更多機會,持續提升小農保護GIAHS的意愿和能力,使農民切實從GIAHS的保護和發展中受益。

  7.促進鄉村發展。總結GIAHS在促進鄉村發展的優秀案例經驗,強化GIAHS在鄉村生態保護、文化傳承和社會治理方面的實踐,進一步以包容性方式釋放鄉村發展潛力,激發活力,促進農業可持續發展和鄉村繁榮昌盛。

  8.推動多方參與。鼓勵政府、國際組織、科研機構、私營部門、社會團體、本地社區等廣泛參與,積極籌措資金、技術、人才等資源,推動形成多方參與、合作共贏的包容性保護發展機制。

   

  青田倡議英文版

  Qingtian Initiative of the World Conference on Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems: 

  Agricultural Heritage for Rural Prosperity

   

  The World Conference on Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) was convened in Qingtian, China from 18 to 19 July 2022 featuring the online and offline participation of more than 200 delegates from 32 countries, international organizations, the academia, the private sector and civil society organizations. We, the delegates of the World GIAHS Conference, conducted in-depth discussions centering on the theme" Agricultural Heritage for Rural Prosperity".

  We acknowledge that GIAHS, the remarkable legacies of agricultural civilizations and shared treasure for the humankind, can deliver distinctive benefits and provide many services to people, including by strengthening the resilience of food systems and food security, improving smallholder livelihoods, preserving biodiversity, driving sustainable agricultural development and promoting rural prosperity.

  We have noted that since the launch of the GIAHS initiative by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in 2002, 67 GIAHS sites across the globe have been designated and extensive explorations have been undertaken for the dynamic conservation and adaptive management of GIAHS. Despite such progress, agricultural heritages face grave threats resulting from rapid urbanization and industrialization. In view of the challenges, we recognize the urgency and importance to forge consensus on the identification, conservation, management and evolution of GIAHS. To this end, we call for the following actions:

  First, giving priority to conservation. We highlight the need to act on the principle of prioritizing the conservation of GIAHS while pursuing sustainable resource utilization, with a view to driving ecological, economic and social progress in GIAHS sites in a sustainable manner. Parties are encouraged to safeguard GIAHS so that these shared assets of the humankind will not be lost to future generations.

  Second, raising public awareness. We are committed to enhancing the visibility of GIAHS through wide-ranging activities via different channels, including through promoting sites at the international level, so as to disseminate the concept and major values of GIAHS conservation to promote understanding and awareness of GIAHS and their conservation among all actors of society.

  Third, exploring diverse benefits. We recognize the importance to deepen understanding of the historical, economic, cultural, ecological and social implications of GIAHS and intensify research and extension regarding diverse benefits and services generated by GIAHS and approaches of dynamic conservation. We will work to connect the potentials of GIAHS in multiple fields including food security, climate change adaptation, biodiversity conservation and ecosystems protection, with a view to contributing to the progress towards the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

  Fourthfostering mutual learning and cooperation. We welcome decisions to put GIAHS high on the agenda of international agricultural cooperation, which will allow countries to increase mutual exchange in this area. We encourage GIAHS sites to engage in various interaction activities with each other, such as twinning initiatives between them, and support their efforts of establishing mechanisms and platforms to facilitate regular sharing of information.

  Fifth, bolstering policy support. We encourage countries to improve national governance systems for GIAHS, integrate considerations of GIAHS conservation and evolution into national policies, and put in place policy incentives and supporting mechanisms, including for local communities, for the conservation and sustainable management of GIAHS.

  Sixth, focusing on smallholder livelihoods. We recognize the need to devote more energy to providing training and guidance for farmers, and create more employment and income-generating opportunities for farmers. Steps should be taken to raise the willingness and abilities of smallholders to protect GIAHS and ensure that farmers can benefit from the conservation and development of GIAHS.

  Seventh, boosting contribution to rural development. We call for efforts to identify success stories of GIAHS in driving rural development, and promote beneficial practices of GIAHS for ecological conservation, cultural preservation and good social governance. Such efforts will be conducive to achieving sustainable agricultural development and rural prosperity by unleashing potentials and boosting vitality in rural areas through an inclusive approach.

  Eighth, mobilizing broad participation. We encourage governments, international organizations, research institutes, the private sector, civil society organizations, local communities and other stakeholders to actively participate in and mobilize resource (including funding, technology and human capital) for GIAHS conservation and management. We emphasize the importance of FAO’s role to support and engage different stakeholders, establish win-win partnerships, and ensure inclusiveness in GIAHS conservation and management.

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